Effects of Acetazolamide on Cerebral Ischemia and Infarction After Experimental Occlusion of Middle Cerebral Artery
Acetazolamide was given to five of ten cats for 48 to 54 hours after extradural occlusion of a middle cerebral artery (MCA). At seven to eight days later, measurements of regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) and estimates of the sizes of the ischemic and infarcted areas of the brains were made. Neurological deficits were more severe and the ischemic and infarcted regions were larger in the cats given acetazolamide. Cerebral edema (brain swelling) was present and reactive hyperemia was common in the treated cats, even one week after MCA occlusion. The hypercapnia and decreases of pH of nonischemic brain tissue that are caused by acetazolamide are harmful for ischemic brain tissue, presumably because of vasodilatation in nonischemic brain tissue with resultant increases of intracranial pressure and decreases of CBF of ischemic regions.
- PaCO2 response
- CO2 transport
- reactive hyperemia
- carbonic anhydrase
- cerebral circulation
- treatment of cerebral ischemia
- © 1971 American Heart Association, Inc.