Model of electrocardiographic changes seen with subarachnoid hemorrhage in rabbits.
We developed a new method for introducing drugs into the basal cistern of rabbits. With minimal surgical invasion, we used either the opening of the craniopharyngeal duct to access the chiasmatic cistern or the suture between the basisphenoid and basioccipital bones to access the interpeduncular cistern. With our method, 0.5 ml contrast medium injected into three rabbits was determined roentgenographically to remain in the basal cistern; histologically, all the brain tissue remained intact. Intracisternal injection of 0.5 ml physiological saline into five rabbits had no effect on the cardiovascular system. In 23 rabbits, injection of 0.5 ml 0.1% prostaglandin F2 alpha led to a variety of electrocardiographic changes, including sinus bradycardia (in 43.5%), premature atrial contractions (in 17.4%), and premature ventricular contractions (in 39.1%). In 15 rabbits with severe changes, arrhythmia was followed by ST depression (in 30.4%), ST elevation (in 8.7%), T wave inversion (in 4.3%), ventricular tachycardia (in 17.4%), or ventricular fibrillation (in 4.3%). Intracisternal injection of 0.5 ml 1.0% lidocaine into the 23 rabbits was very effective in overcoming bradycardia and arrhythmias. We conclude that the clinical features of electrocardiographic changes seen in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage are reproducible in this rabbit model.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association