Snoring as a risk factor for sleep-related brain infarction.
We studied 177 consecutive male patients aged 16-60 years with brain infarction verified by neuroradiology and analyzed the time of onset of stroke symptoms related to sleep and the role of possible or known risk factors for brain infarction. Brain infarction occurred relatively more often during the first 30 minutes after awakening than at any other time. In multiple stepwise logistic regression analyses, snoring was the only independent risk factor differentiating stroke occurring during sleep and stroke occurring either during sleep or during the first 30 minutes after awakening from stroke occurring at other times of the day. The risk ratios were 2.65 (95% confidence interval 1.32-5.29, p less than 0.005) and 3.16 (95% confidence interval 1.61-6.22, p less than 0.001), respectively. Other factors tested were age, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol consumption, and body mass index. Arterial hypertension seemed to have an additive effect on the independent risk caused by snoring.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association