Nicardipine reduces ischemic brain injury. Magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy study in cats.
We investigated whether the calcium channel entry blocker nicardipine would reduce ischemic brain damage in barbiturate-anesthetized cats subjected to permanent unilateral occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. The evolution of cerebral injury was assessed in vivo in 24 cats by a combination of proton magnetic resonance imaging and phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy for 5 hours following occlusion. Immediately thereafter, the volume of histochemically ischemic brain tissue was determined planimetrically in triphenyl tetrazolium chloride-stained serial coronal sections. Nicardipine was initially administered as an intravenous bolus injection of 10 mg/kg/hr 15 minutes before or 15 minutes after occlusion, followed by continuous infusion at 8 mg/kg/hr for the 5 hours of the experiment. Compared with untreated controls, cats that received nicardipine before or after occlusion showed a significant reduction in the extent of edema in the ipsilateral cerebral cortex, internal capsule, and basal ganglia. The results of phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy studies suggest that nicardipine may protect against cerebral ischemic damage by an action on cellular metabolic processes that preserve high-energy phosphates during the ischemic period.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association