Postischemic cerebral microvascular responses to norepinephrine and hypotension in newborn pigs.
We examined the effects of 20 minutes' cerebral ischemia on cerebral microcirculatory responses to topical norepinephrine and systemic hypotension in three groups (sham-operated control, 2-3 hours postischemia, and 24 hours postischemia) of anesthetized newborn pigs equipped with closed cranial windows. Cerebral ischemia may eliminate the prostanoid vasodilator system from the cerebral circulation. Norepinephrine (10(-4) M) decreased pial arteriolar diameters similarly in all three groups (27%, 28%, and 21%, respectively), but only the sham-operated group exhibited pial arteriolar dilation in response to hypotension (28% at 33 mm Hg). Two-three and 24 hours after cerebral ischemia, hypotension decreased pial arteriolar diameters (21% and 17%, respectively). In sham-operated piglets, norepinephrine and hypotension increased cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid prostanoid concentrations. However, neither norepinephrine nor hypotension altered cerebral prostanoid production 2-3 or 24 hours after cerebral ischemia. Therefore, we conclude that after cerebral ischemia, autoregulatory pial arteriolar dilation in response to hypotension is absent, while vasoconstriction in response to norepinephrine is intact.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association