Hemostatic markers in acute stroke.
To assess the time course of thrombosis and fibrinolysis after acute stroke, we measured concentrations of fibrinopeptide A (FpA), B-beta 1-42 peptide (B-beta 1-42), B-beta 15-42 peptide (B-beta 15-42), and crosslinked D-dimer (XDP) in 31 patients at varying times following acute ischemic stroke and in 13 neurologically stable patients with chronic strokes. FpA levels were markedly elevated during the first week after stroke and declined slowly during the first month. Mean FpA levels were not significantly elevated in chronic stroke patients. Mean XDP levels were slightly elevated during the first week and increased during the next 2 weeks after stroke. B-beta 1-42 and B-beta 15-42 levels were not elevated at any time following acute stroke. Our data suggest that fibrin formation greatly exceeds endogenous fibrinolysis during the acute phase of ischemic stroke. Endogenous fibrinolysis develops slowly following stroke. Prolonged elevation of FpA concentration suggests that thrombin activity and fibrin formation continue for up to 4 weeks in some patients with ischemic stroke.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association