First-year results of a community-based study of stroke incidence in Umbria, Italy.
The SEPIVAC study (Italian initials for "epidemiologic study of incidence of acute cerebrovascular disease") is a community-based epidemiologic survey of incidence and outcome of cerebrovascular disease in the territory of the 6th Local Health Unit, Umbria, Italy, where 49,101 people live. All cases were registered with the study either by notification from general practitioners or by check of hospital admission within the study area and in the two hospitals of Perugia. Death certificates were looked at as well. Patients were registered with the study when the clinical picture fulfilled the definition of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) adopted for this study. Patients were followed up at approximately 30 days and 6 months. During the first year of the study (September 1, 1986 to August 31, 1987), 189 cases were registered: 108 suffered a "first ever in a lifetime" stroke, 30 a recurrent stroke, and 51 a "first ever in a lifetime" transient ischemic attack. Sixty-one percent of patients (71% of first strokes) had a computed tomography scan. For our study, the crude annual incidence rate of first stroke was 2.2 per 1,000 (confidence intervals 1.81-2.66); the standardized rate to the European population was 1.36 (confidence intervals 1.06-1.74). At least 83% of first strokes were due to cerebral ischemia; in 26 cases a clinical diagnosis of lacunar ischemia was made. The 30-day case fatality rate was 21%; 25% of our patients had recovered completely or almost completely after 1 month.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association