Extracranial carotid atherosclerosis in black and white patients with transient ischemic attacks.
To evaluate the association between extracranial carotid atherosclerosis, race, and transient ischemic attack, we carried out a retrospective hospital chart review and quantified the extent of noninvasively determined extracranial carotid atherosclerosis in 25 black patients greater than 45 years old with transient ischemic attacks. Two sex- and age-matched white patients with transient ischemic attacks were similarly studied for each black patient. Extent of extracranial carotid atherosclerosis (expressed as B-mode score) was similar for blacks and whites. B-mode score was only slightly less in patients with posterior- than in those with anterior-circulation transient ischemic attacks. Fifty-six patients (35 white, 21 black) had unilateral anterior-circulation transient ischemic attacks. Of the 32 patients with more extensive extracranial carotid atherosclerosis ipsilateral to the affected hemisphere, 23 (66% of 35) were white; only nine (43% of 21) were black. In the 35 white patients, the extent of disease in the ipsilateral carotid artery was significantly greater (p less than 0.03) than that in the contralateral carotid artery. When B-mode scores in the left and right carotid arteries were combined for the subgroup of patients with unilateral anterior-circulation transient ischemic attacks, blacks had slightly more atherosclerosis in the extracranial arteries than whites.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association