Incidence and prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a Japanese rural community.
Twenty-six first episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred among 1,621 Hisayama residents aged greater than or equal to 40 years during the 22-year follow-up of a prospective study. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was confirmed by both clinical and autopsy findings. The average annual incidence (96.1/100,000 population) was 3-13 times higher than any previously reported and steeply increased with age in both sexes, being 2.3 times higher for women than for men after adjusting for age. Nine patients (35%) died less than or equal to 8 hours after the onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage. None was correctly diagnosed on the death certificates, and four of the nine (44%) were misdiagnosed as intracerebral hemorrhage. We found the survival rate of patients suffering subarachnoid hemorrhage to be much lower than previously reported because we detected a large number of sudden deaths due to subarachnoid hemorrhage through the high rate of autopsy in our cohort (81.4%).
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association