Cardiac evaluation of the patient with stroke.
Coronary artery disease and ischemic cerebrovascular disease are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Coronary artery disease often coexists with asymptomatic carotid artery atherosclerosis, transient ischemic attacks, or ischemic stroke. Numerous studies have shown that mortality from all forms of ischemic cerebrovascular disease is primarily due to coronary artery disease. Thus, there is increasing interest in identifying coronary artery disease in patients with cerebrovascular disease, including those without clinical manifestations of heart disease. We review the use of current noninvasive techniques to detect coronary artery disease and present practical approaches to screen for ischemic heart disease. Current diagnostic imaging methods for potential cardioembolic sources of cerebral infarction are also discussed.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association