Adjusted hypervolemic hemodilution in acute ischemic stroke.
We prospectively randomized 47 patients with acute ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery of less than 24 hours' duration to either adjusted hypervolemic hemodilution or control treatment and followed them up for 90 days. Rapid hemodilution to a target hematocrit of 30-35% as monitored with bedside determinations was achieved by using infusions of dextran 40, venesections, and infusions of additional crystalloid solution when necessary. There was no difference in the death rate between the two treatment groups. Of these 47 patients, 37 (19 in the hemodilution group and 18 in the control group) could be followed up for the entire study period of 3 months. The relative improvement in neurologic function from day 1 to days 8, 21, and 90 was significantly better in the hemodilution group than in the control group. In accordance, special tests for fine motor control of the paretic arm disclosed better performance in the hemodilution group. The frequency of patients with severe disability was significantly lower in the hemodilution group on days 8 and 21. Plasma viscosity (measured in 11 patients) was not affected by infusions of dextran 40. Vigorous hypervolemic hemodilution in patients with acute ischemic stroke is well tolerated and improves early neurologic outcome with an effect lasting at least 3 months.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association