Diurnal variation of cerebral blood flow in rat hippocampus.
We measured local cerebral blood flow over 24 hours in 10 unanesthetized, freely moving rats to determine whether blood flow in the hippocampus fluctuated as a function of time of day. We measured hydrogen clearance at 1-hour intervals using a polyurethane-coated platinum electrode with a 1-mm bare tip implanted in the dorsal hippocampus. Individual rats displayed a wide range of local cerebral blood flow values (from 30 to 100 ml/min/100 g tissue) in a day. In seven of the 10 rats, the overall mean hippocampal blood flow for the dark cycle (7 PM-5 AM) was significantly (p less than 0.001, 0.01, or 0.05) greater than that for the light cycle (6 AM-6 PM), showing an average increase of 20%. Further, the maximum mean hippocampal blood flow at 11 PM in all 10 rats was 42% greater than the minimum at noon. Our study demonstrates for the first time that local cerebral blood flow in the hippocampus shows diurnal variation.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association