Progressive shrinkage of the thalamus following middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.
Permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats results in infarction in the ipsilateral cortex and caudate nucleus-putamen. In this ischemia model, severe shrinkage of the ipsilateral half of the thalamus was observed several months after surgery. We examined the serial profile of this phenomenon in 40 rats at intervals from 2 weeks to 6 months after the operation. The area of the ipsilateral half of the thalamus as a percentage of the area of the contralateral half was 87% at 2 weeks, 77% at 1 month, 54% at 3 months, and 54% at 6 months. Such severe morphologic change distant from the original ischemic focus has not been reported in models of experimental focal ischemia. Retrograde degeneration is thought to play an important role in this phenomenon.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association