Effects of cocaine on pial arterioles in cats.
We used the closed cranial window technique to observe the responses of pial arterioles to topical application of cocaine in 29 anesthetized cats. Alterations in arteriolar diameter were dependent on the concentration of cocaine applied. Cocaine dissolved in artificial cerebrospinal fluid at concentrations of 10(-8) or 10(-7) M was without effect. Concentrations of 10(-6) and 10(-5) M produced dilation (4.9 +/- 1.5% [mean +/- SEM] and 5.9 +/- 2.0%, respectively) in large arterioles (greater than 100 microns) but no significant change in the diameter of small arterioles (less than 100 microns). A concentration of 10(-4) M dilated both large and small arterioles (20.3 +/- 3.1% and 12.0 +/- 7.1%, respectively). Pretreatment with 1 mg/kg i.v. propranolol blocked the increase in pial arteriolar diameter after application of 10(-4) M cocaine and produced significant vasoconstriction in small arterioles (-8.3 +/- 3.1%). Cocaine produces vasodilation of cat cerebral arterioles. This effect appears to be mediated, at least in part, by mechanisms that depend on stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association