Outcome after stroke in patients discharged to independent living.
In a prospective, population-based study, we evaluated rehabilitation outcome, place of residence, and functional ability 3, 6, and 12 months after stroke onset in 129 consecutive patients discharged from the hospital to independent living, either in their own homes or in an old people's home. The study group comprised 50% of all patients admitted for acute stroke between February 1, 1986, and January 31, 1987. Of the 129 patients, 125 returned to their own homes and four moved into an old people's home. Once they returned home, only minor changes occurred in the patients' place of residence or functional capacity. The majority of the patients (90%) were still living in their own homes after 12 months; 99% could walk independently indoors, 92-95% could climb a staircase, and 90% could manage their daily hygiene. Eight patients (6%) died during follow-up, and one fourth of the patients were hospitalized again. The average number of days of rehospitalization during the 12 months was 23. Our study may serve as a guide to the planning of stroke programs and to a more effective and efficient use of available health resources.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association