Histamine elicits competing endothelium-dependent constriction and endothelium-independent dilation in vivo in mouse cerebral arterioles.
We used television microscopy and an image-splitting technique to monitor the changes in diameter produced by histamine applied locally to mouse pial arterioles in vivo. A high dose (50 micrograms/ml, 3 X 10(-4) M) of histamine constricted the arterioles, whereas lower doses (20 and 10 micrograms/ml) relaxed them. Constriction was blocked and dilation occurred when selective injury of the endothelium was produced by light from a helium-neon laser in the presence of intravascular Evans blue. From this we conclude that the constriction was endothelium-dependent and was caused by the release of an endothelium-derived constricting factor. Constriction was also blocked by each of two antagonists of the H1 histamine receptor and by pretreatment of the arterioles with indomethacin. H1 blockade unmasked a dilating action of 1 micrograms/ml histamine, a dose too low to affect the diameter of arterioles not treated with the H1 blocker. An H2 blocker interfered with the relaxation by low-dose (10 micrograms/ml, 6 X 10(-5) M) histamine. These data indicate that for mouse pial arterioles, histamine can interact with H1 receptors on the endothelium to release an endothelium-derived constricting factor that causes constriction of the underlying muscle while simultaneously interacting with H2 receptors in the muscle that mediate relaxation of the vessel.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association