Relation of leukoaraiosis to lesion type in stroke patients.
Nonspecific periventricular white matter lucencies on computed tomograms (leukoaraiosis) were found in 141 (38%) of 367 patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Patients with leukoaraiosis were significantly older than those without it and were significantly more likely to have hypertension, diabetes mellitus, general vascular disease, and lacunar infarcts on computed tomograms but were less likely to have cortical infarcts. Because many of these variables may be mutually dependent, we performed a logistic regression analysis examining all clinical and computed tomographic variables. The analysis demonstrated that increasing age, lacunar infarcts, and hemorrhages were significant determinants of leukoaraiosis; cortical infarcts were also significantly, but negatively, correlated with leukoaraiosis. In patients with hemorrhages, leukoaraiosis occurred significantly more often when aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations were not demonstrated. These findings suggest that in patients with cerebrovascular disorders leukoaraiosis is associated with small-vessel disease.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association