Calcium-calmodulin binding in ischemic rat neurons after calcium channel blocker therapy.
Calcium channel blockers such as nicardipine improve outcome after global cerebral ischemia and may attenuate ischemic neuronal injury by preventing calcium influx and binding to calmodulin. We followed the temporal and regional sequence of neuronal calcium-calmodulin binding in normal rats (n = 6), untreated ischemic rats (n = 15), and ischemic rats treated with 0.05 mg/kg/hr s.c. nicardipine (n = 13). After 30 minutes of four-vessel occlusion, 40-microns brain sections were incubated in an anti-calmodulin antibody specific for calmodulin not bound to calcium and brain protein. Light-microscopic sections were examined immediately after ischemia and after 2 and 24 hours of reperfusion. Extensive staining of unbound calmodulin was seen in all hippocampal regions and in the cortex in normal rats. In untreated ischemic control rats, staining was lost, indicating calcium-calmodulin binding immediately after ischemia in all regions. However, after 24 hours, staining returned to normal in the cortex and dentate, and minimal staining returned in CA1 and CA3. Nicardipine-treated animals had significantly less calcium-calmodulin binding in CA1 and in the dentate after 2 hours of reperfusion. This study demonstrates that in clinically relevant doses nicardipine has a limited effect on calcium-calmodulin binding in selectively vulnerable regions after severe ischemia.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association