Assessment of median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials in cerebral ischemia.
Seventy patients with cerebral ischemia (21 with transient ischemic attack and 49 with stroke) were studied with short-latency median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials to characterize the evoked potentials in all ischemic patients and to investigate their efficacy for prognosis in stroke. Within 72 hours of symptom onset, all 70 patients received a scaled neurologic function score, with a maximum of 50 points. Somatosensory evoked potential abnormalities were found in 10% (2/19), 42% (15/36), and 93% (14/15) of all patients with initial neurologic examinations who had normal (50 points), mild-moderate (30-49 points), and severe deficits (less than or equal to 29 points), respectively. Thirty-seven of the 49 stroke patients were available for a follow-up neurologic assessment. Eight-nine percent (8/9) of the stroke patients with poor outcome had somatosensory evoked potential abnormalities; 82% (9/11) of the stroke patients with severe neurologic deficits at onset had poor outcome. Results demonstrate that somatosensory evoked potential abnormalities are common in patients with cerebral ischemia but that somatosensory evoked potential findings are not significantly better than a detailed neurologic examination in predicting outcome from stroke.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association