Development of a new perfusion system for pharmacological study on rabbit basilar arteries.
We developed a constant-flow perfusion system to measure vascular responses to vasoactive agents applied intraluminally or extraluminally. The intraluminal and extraluminal sides of a cylindrical section of rabbit basilar artery were isolated completely. By loading with 0.75 g of tension, the resting condition of each preparation was made constant. The intraluminal side was perfused at a constant flow of 8 ml/min and under an intraluminal pressure of 8 mm Hg. When 30 mM KCl was administered intraluminally the preparation showed marked contraction, whereas only slight contraction was observed with extraluminal administration. When 2 x 10(-7) M 5-hydroxytryptamine was administered, no significant differences in contraction could be detected between the intraluminal and extraluminal routes. Application of 10(-6) to 10(-4) M acetylcholine after precontraction with 30 mM KCl resulted in much stronger dilatation upon intraluminal application. Thus, it was demonstrated that under certain conditions significant differences exist in the responses of rabbit basilar arteries to vasoactive agents applied intraluminally or extraluminally. This system can detect the effects of vasoactive agents administered intraluminally and extraluminally at a high level of sensitivity and shows good reproducibility as a means of analyzing vascular functions and characteristics.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association