Clinical trial of nimodipine in acute ischemic stroke. The American Nimodipine Study Group.
A randomized, double-blind, multicenter clinical trial of placebo versus nimodipine was conducted to test the hypothesis that nimodipine would reduce the frequency of death and of worsening by 30% compared with placebo.
Nimodipine was used in doses of 60 mg, 120 mg, and 240 mg daily in 1,064 patients treated for 21 days. Treatment was begun within 48 hours of stroke due to infarction as inferred by initial computed tomographic scan findings. The Toronto and motor scales were analyzed by analysis of covariance, using covariance-adjusted means, the last-value-carried-forward, to compare the baseline value with the 3 assessment days (days 4, 10, and 21).
No difference in mortality or neurological outcome was found with any of the rating scales for the overall cohort. Planned but post hoc subgroup analysis showed a reduction in worsening frequency of 30% compared with placebo and significantly better outcome scores with 120 mg nimodipine daily started within 18 hours of stroke as measured by the Toronto scale (p less than 0.005) and when the pretreatment computed tomographic scan was negative (p less than 0.003).
Nimodipine had no overall effect when treatment was begun within 48 hours. Confirmation of the benefits suggested by post hoc analyses for the subgroup treated with 120 mg nimodipine within 18 hours, and who had negative computed tomographic scans, would require a separate trial.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association