Hematogenous factors and prediction of delayed ischemic deficit after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Delayed ischemic deficits contribute to the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. We evaluated the potential usefulness of measuring coagulation and hemorheological variables and cardiolipin antibodies for prediction of delayed ischemic deficit after subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Consecutive patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage were studied. Coagulation and hemorheological variables and cardiolipin antibodies were measured on admission, within 7 days of subarachnoid hemorrhage. A subset of patients was studied on admission and at two subsequent occasions.
Sixty-nine patients were studied. Sixty-one of these were without clinical manifestations of vasospasm at admission, and 16 developed delayed ischemic deficit during their hospitalization. None of the laboratory variables measured were significantly different between patients with or without later development of delayed ischemic deficit. Elevation of the fibrin fragment D-dimer was found in the group of eight patients admitted with ischemic symptoms and in 49% (34 of 69) of all patients, but this was not associated with delayed ischemic deficit. Sixteen patients were studied on three occasions; this group showed a significant decrease in hematocrit, an increased white blood cell count, and no change in fibrinogen concentration. Fibrin D-dimer levels rose significantly after surgery (from 5.01 +/- 0.69 to 5.53 +/- 0.58 ln-ng/ml, p less than 0.025) and after onset of delayed ischemic deficit (from 4.71 +/- 0.64 to 5.84 +/- 0.34 ln-ng/ml, p less than 0.01).
Hemostatic measurements, hemorheological variables, and cardiolipin immunoreactivity did not predict delayed ischemic deficit in this population.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association