Failure of GM1 ganglioside to influence outcome in experimental focal ischemia.
Reports of improved short-term (less than 72 hours) outcome in experimental models of mechanical and ischemic central nervous system injury suggest that exogenous ganglioside administration may confer a protective effect on neural tissue. We studied the effect of the monosialoganglioside GM1 on cerebral infarction and edema in spontaneously hypertensive rats subjected to permanent focal cerebral ischemia.
GM1 or normal saline was injected intramuscularly once a day for 3 days before and 30 and 120 minutes after occlusion of the right middle and common carotid arteries. Following a 24-hour survival period, the volume of infarction was measured by computer-assisted image analysis, and the extent of edema was assessed by measurements of tissue water content and hemispheric volume.
Infarct volume was similar among the GM1-treated (n = 10) and saline-treated (n = 10) rats (212 +/- 10 versus 220 +/- 13 microliters, respectively). In a second series of experiments, the brain water content and edema volume of the ischemic right hemisphere in GM1-treated rats (n = 10) did not differ from saline-treated controls (n = 10).
GM1 ganglioside does not effectively reduce cerebral infarction caused by permanent focal ischemia.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association