Coronary artery disease and cardiac events with asymptomatic and symptomatic cerebrovascular disease.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery disease and coronary events during follow-up in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis, transient ischemic attacks, or small strokes.
We prospectively studied 60 consecutive patients with thallium-201 scintigraphy followed by coronary arteriography according to an established protocol.
The 201Tl testing was abnormal in seven of 15 patients (47%) with asymptomatic carotid stenosis and in 19 of 44 patients (43%) with transient ischemic attacks or small strokes (p greater than 0.05). In 33 patients with no history of coronary artery disease, 11 (33%) had reversible 201Tl defects. In 26 patients with a history of coronary artery disease, 15 (58%) had reversible and/or fixed defects (p = 0.054 compared with patients with no history). A history of peripheral vascular disease was the only risk factor significantly associated with an abnormal 201Tl test (p = 0.032). Coronary artery stenosis of greater than 50% was identified in one or more vessels in 14 of 15 patients undergoing coronary arteriography. Over a mean follow-up period of 311 days, four patients (7%) developed new onset of angina. There were four coronary events among 14 patients (29%) with both a reversible area on the 201Tl and abnormal coronary arteriography. In comparison, there were only four coronary events among 46 patients (9%) without reversible defects on the 201Tl studies (p = 0.055).
Our study demonstrates that one third of patients with no history of coronary artery disease had an abnormal 201Tl test and that nearly one half of patients with either symptomatic or asymptomatic cerebrovascular disease had abnormal 201Tl tests. Patients with a reversible 201Tl defect and significant stenosis by coronary arteriography were at higher risk for subsequent cardiac events. These findings demonstrate the utility of screening patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic cerebrovascular disease for cardiac disease.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association