Emergency reversal of anticoagulation after intracerebral hemorrhage.
Although intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the most serious complications during oral anticoagulant therapy, there are no guidelines on emergency treatment with respect to reversal of anticoagulation effect in these patients.
We retrospectively compared laboratory data and clinical features in 17 cases of anticoagulant-related intracerebral hemorrhage treated with prothrombin complex concentrate (n = 10) or fresh-frozen plasma (n = 7).
In the group of patients treated with prothrombin complex concentrate, the mean prothrombin time decreased from 2.83 to 1.22 International Normalized Ratio within 4.8 hours, compared with a decrease from 2.97 to 1.74 within 7.3 hours in those given fresh-frozen plasma (i.e., four to five times more rapidly after treatment with prothrombin complex concentrate) (p less than 0.001). Symptoms and signs of intracerebral hemorrhage, measured on an eight-graded Reaction Level Scale, progressed on average 0.2 grades in patients given prothrombin complex concentrate compared with 1.9 grades in those given fresh-frozen plasma (p less than 0.05). In patients with prothrombin values above 1.46, clinical progression within 12 hours occurred in five of six cases.
Treatment with prothrombin complex concentrate reverses anticoagulation more rapidly than fresh-frozen plasma, which might be of importance for the prevention of further bleeding.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association