Discharge outcome after stroke rehabilitation.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between host characteristics (age and side of body affected) and program variables (lengths of stay in acute care and rehabilitation, levels of functional ability at admission and discharge, and rates of community discharge).
A sample of 7,905 patients was drawn from medical rehabilitation facilities enrolled in the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation who were admitted and discharged for the first time between January 1988 and June 1989. Data were analyzed using either chi 2 tests or z normal tests of proportions, and analyses of variance (ANOVA) and/or t tests. Significance was set at p less than 0.05, and statistically significant F ratios were examined using Student-Newman-Keuls tests.
The average age of patients was 70.7 years (24% less than 65 years, 53% 65-79 years, and 23% greater than 79 years). Lengths of stay in acute care and rehabilitation, admission and discharge functional independence ratings, and rates of community discharge were generally inversely related to patient age. Patients with bilateral paresis had lower rates of community discharge than those with unilateral paresis, although this distinction was not evident in the older group.
Results showed that older age and bilateral paresis are negatively associated with levels of independence at admission and discharge and with rates of community discharge.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association