Time course of cerebral blood flow and histological outcome after focal cerebral ischemia in rats.
The relation between time-dependent changes in cerebral blood flow and the appearance of infarction after focal cerebral ischemia is still a matter for debate. The aim of this study was to measure perfusion after simultaneous occlusions of the left middle cerebral artery and ipsilateral common carotid artery in rats and correlate it with the timing and distribution of histological changes.
We studied histological and cerebral blood flow changes 5 minutes and 4, 24, and 48 hours after the onset of focal ischemia. Blood flow was determined autoradiographically using [14C]iodoantipyrine. A coronal template subdivided into regions of interest was applied to the autoradiographs and the histological data.
In some regions of the nonoccluded hemisphere, cerebral blood flow 5 minutes after occlusion fell below 50% of normal. Many ischemic structures showed stable blood flow for 48 hours after occlusion, confirming that in this model reperfusion is minimal. Infarction occurred eventually in all areas in which blood flow at 5 minutes fell below 10% of that in control rats, but infarction appeared earlier in regions in which blood flow at 5 minutes was below 5% of that in control rats. When blood flow at 5 minutes rose above 12% of that in control rats, the occurrence of infarction became unpredictable.
Despite the general dependence of infarction on perfusion levels, blood flow was not a reliable indicator of those regions committed to infarction.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association