Does low-dose acetylsalicylic acid prevent stroke after carotid surgery? A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial.
The aim of this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to evaluate whether neurological deficits could be prevented with low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) as an adjunct to carotid endarterectomy.
A total of 232 patients were randomized to two groups, 75 mg/d ASA starting preoperatively and continued for 6 months (n = 117) or placebo (identical tablets) (n = 115). The patients were followed up regularly for 1 year.
The groups were well matched regarding laboratory data and indication for operation. The number of patients with intraoperative or postoperative stroke without complete recovery within 1 week were 0 and 2 at 30 days and 6 months, respectively, in the ASA group, compared with 7 and 11 in the placebo group (P = .01). Including all neurological events within 6 months, this was found in 15 patients in the ASA group compared with 24 in the placebo group (P = .12). Mortality was 0.8% and 3.4% at 30 days and 6 months, respectively, in the ASA group. In the placebo group, the corresponding figures were 4.3% and 6.0%, respectively (P = .12). The intraoperative bleeding did not differ between the groups nor did the number of reoperations due to bleeding or other complications related to pharmacology.
This study indicates that low-dose ASA (75 mg/d) reduces the number of postoperative strokes without complete recovery within 1 week. Overall neurological events are insignificantly reduced, as also mortality. The use of low-dose ASA (75 mg) seems safe and effective in reducing cerebrovascular events after carotid endarterectomy.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association