Evaluation of delayed treatment of focal cerebral ischemia with three selective kappa-opioid agonists in cats.
The purpose of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of three kappa-opioid agonists used for delayed treatment of experimental focal cerebral ischemia.
Forty halothane-anesthetized cats underwent permanent occlusion of the right intracranial internal carotid, middle cerebral, and anterior cerebral arteries via a transorbital, microsurgical approach. Six hours after occlusion, animals received a blinded bolus injection, and a subcutaneous osmotic pump was implanted to provide continuous release for 7 days. The injection and pump contained either saline or one of three kappa-agonists: dynorphin (1-13), U-50,488, or DuP E3800. Survival, neurological function, tissue damage, and brain weight were assessed.
As a group, kappa-agonist-treated animals had higher survival (P < .02), less tissue damage (P < .02), and lower brain weight (P < .05) than saline controls. U-50,488 more effectively improved survival (P < .03) than dynorphin (P < .07) or E3800 (P < .07). Each of the three kappa compounds improved tissue damage (dynorphin, P < .02; U-50,488, P < .05; E3800, P < .05). Greater improvement in neurological function was seen after treatment with dynorphin (P < .05) than with U-50,488 (P < .6) or E3800 (P < .7). The only significant reduction in brain weight was seen after dynorphin treatment (P < .01).
Compounds that act at the kappa subclass of opiate receptors are effective in increasing survival, improving neurological function, and decreasing tissue damage and edema in a cat model of focal cerebral ischemia. The current study provides support for the benefits of treatment of acute cerebrovascular ischemia with kappa-opioid agonists. The agents may prove to be of superior clinical utility because of efficacy even when administered 6 hours after the onset of stroke.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association