Ancrod for the treatment of acute ischemic brain infarction. The Ancrod Stroke Study Investigators.
There is no acute therapy proven to be of benefit for ischemic stroke. Ancrod is a potentially effective therapy because of the advantageous consequences of fibrinogen lowering.
We studied the safety and efficacy of ancrod in patients with acute ischemic stroke administered within 6 hours of stroke onset. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial 64 patients received intravenous ancrod and 68 received placebo for 7 days. Neurological outcome, disability, and brain infarct volume were measured.
There was no significant difference in overall mean scores on the Scandinavian Stroke Scale. No increase in bleeding occurred in the ancrod-treated patients. The target reduction of plasma fibrinogen levels of less than 100 mg/dL was achieved in only 15 (23%) of 64 ancrod-treated patients. Those patients with ancrod-induced 6-hour fibrinogen levels 130 mg/dL or less had a marginally significantly better neurological outcome on the Scandinavian Stroke Scale, mortality, and Barthel Index than ancrod-treated patients with higher fibrinogen levels.
Ancrod appears safe and potentially effective when administered to patients within 6 hours of onset of ischemic stroke.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association