Evaluation of cerebral vasoreactivity by three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography.
Cerebral vasoreactivity is an important indicator of the reserve capacity of the cerebral circulation. To make a quantitative analysis of cerebral vasoreactivity in individual major arterial territories, we evaluated the response to acetazolamide using three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography.
We examined 10 healthy volunteers and 6 patients with unilateral stenosis of the middle cerebral artery by a 1.5-T superconducting magnetic resonance imaging system. After a baseline vascular image was obtained, each subject received 17 mg/kg IV of acetazolamide; a second scan was performed 20 minutes later. Using a generally available personal computer and image analysis software, we measured the areas of the individual major arteries on collapsed axial vascular images and then calculated the vasoreactivity.
The average vasoreactivity of individual major cerebral arterial territories in the healthy volunteers was as follows: anterior cerebral artery complex, 33%; right middle cerebral artery, 71%; left middle cerebral artery, 74%; right posterior cerebral artery, 68%; and left posterior cerebral artery, 68%. In the patient group, the vasoreactivity of the stenotic middle cerebral arteries was significantly smaller than that of the nonstenotic arteries (P < .05). In addition, the nonstenotic middle cerebral arteries showed significantly less vasoreactivity than the right arteries of the healthy volunteers (P < .01).
Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography can be used to quantitatively evaluate acetazolamide-induced vasoreactivity in individual major cerebral arterial territories.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association