Effect of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage on Cerebral Vasodilatation in Response to Activation of ATP-Sensitive K+ Channels in Chronically Hypertensive Rats
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Background and Purpose Cerebral vasodilatation in response to aprikalim, an opener of ATP-sensitive K+ channels, is selectively augmented after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Vasodilatation in response to activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels, however, is impaired during chronic hypertension. Hypertension may contribute to a worse outcome after SAH, but the nature of the relationship between hypertension and SAH is uncertain. In the present study we examined responses of the basilar artery to aprikalim after SAH in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP).
Methods In anesthetized WKY and SHRSP, we measured changes in diameter of the basilar artery in response to aprikalim and papaverine using a cranial window 2 days after injection of 0.3 mL saline or autologous blood into the cisterna magna.
Results Under control conditions, aprikalim (0.1 to 1 μmol/L) and papaverine (10 to 100 μmol/L) produced dilatation of the basilar artery. After SAH, responses to aprikalim were not significantly altered in WKY and were markedly increased in SHRSP compared with saline-injected control rats. In contrast, vasodilator responses to papaverine were not changed by SAH in either WKY or SHRSP, suggesting that augmented vasodilatation in response to aprikalim after SAH was selective.
Conclusions Responses of the basilar artery to aprikalim were greatly augmented in SHRSP after SAH. Because vasodilator responses to many stimuli are impaired after SAH and cerebral vasodilator responses to several stimuli are impaired by chronic hypertension, augmented responses to activation of K+ channels despite the presence of hypertension are unusual.
- Received March 28, 1996.
- Revision received October 21, 1996.
- Accepted October 24, 1996.
- Copyright © 1997 by American Heart Association