Cerebrovascular Regulation in Preganglionic and Postganglionic Autonomic Insufficiency
Cerebral blood flow was measured in four subjects with chronic idiopathic autonomic insufficiency using 85Kr inhalation, cerebral A-V samples for scintillation counting, and O2 content determination. Blood pressure was varied by up or down tilting and L-norepinephrine infusion. In three patients with typical Shy-Drager syndrome and preganglionic denervation, CBF regulation to pressure and PaCOCO2 change was intact. In a fourth patient with postganglionic denervation, CBF autoregulation was absent to changes in blood pressure but was preserved normally to increases or decreases in PaCOCO2 CBF and CMRO2, at rest were normal (52.6 cc and 3.1 cc). Hyperventilation to PaCOCO2 34.3 mm failed to restore autoregulation to increased blood pressure. The results imply a functional role for postganglionic autonomic fibers in CBF autoregulation.
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.