Cholinergic Control of Blood Flow in the Cerebral Cortex of the Rat
Local blood flow was measured in the somatosensory cortex of urethanized rats by means of the hydrogen clearance method. The variations of cortical blood flow in the course of the anesthesia and the effects of the topical application of atropine, eserine and cholinomimetic drugs were studied. During urethan anesthesia, the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex fluctuated between a synchronized and a desynchronized state. During desynchronization, local cortical blood flow increased significantly. This increase in blood flow could be prevented by topical application of atropine and exaggerated by topical eserine. Topical application of arecoline, carbaminoylcholine, pilocarpine or acetylcholine with eserine significantly increased cortical blood flow. It is concluded that the increase in cortical blood flow that accompanies cortical desynchronization in the urethanized rat is mediated, at least in part, by a neurogenic mechanism that involves a cholinergic step at the cortical level.
- cerebral circulation
- cholinergic mechanisms
- cerebral autoregulation of blood flow
- somatosensory evoked potentials
- urethan anesthesia
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.