Abstract 140: National Trends in Utilization and Outcomes of Endovascular Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients
Background: With the availability of several new devices for mechanical thrombectomy after recent approvals by the Food and Drug Administration, the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke are expected to improve in United States.
Objective: To evaluate trends in utilization of endovascular treatment and associated rates of death and disability among acute ischemic stroke patients over six years.
Methods: We obtained data for patients admitted to hospitals in the United States between 2004 to 2009 with a primary diagnosis of ischemic stroke using a large national database. We determined the rate of utilization of endovascular treatment. Outcomes were classified as minimal disability, moderate to severe disability, and death based on discharge disposition.
Results: Of the 670,069 patients with ischemic stroke, 72,342 (10.8%) received intravenous thrombolytic treatment, 18,229 (2.72%) had endovascular thrombolysis. Patients with endovascular treatment comprised 0.35% of ischemic strokes in 2004 vs 4.95% in 2009 (p < 0.001). The estimated number of patients undergoing endovascular treatment increased by 1,519% (362 to 5502) despite a 324% increase in patients receiving intravenous thrombolytic. The rates of intracranial hemorrhage remained unchanged throughout the 6 years. There was no significant difference in all age groups. The interaction between endovascular treatment among all ischemic stroke patients for predicting in-hospital mortality significantly improved (p <0.02).
Conclusion: There has been a significant increase in proportion of acute ischemic stroke patients receiving endovascular treatment over the last 6 years with significant reduction in in-hospital mortality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.