Abstract 141: Impact of an Aggressive Medical Management Protocol on Early Risk Factor Measures in the Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) Trial
Purpose: SAMMPRIS is the first stroke prevention trial to include protocol-driven aggressive management of multiple vascular risk factors. We sought to determine the impact of this protocol on early risk factor control in the trial.
Materials and Methods: SAMMPRIS randomized 451 patients with symptomatic 70%-99% intracranial stenosis to aggressive medical management or stenting plus aggressive medical management at 50 USA sites. For the primary risk factor targets (SBP < 140 mm/Hg (<130 if diabetic) and LDL < 70 mg/dL), the study neurologists follow medication titration algorithms and risk factor medications are provided to the patients. Secondary risk factors (diabetes, non-HDL, weight, exercise, and smoking cessation) are managed with assistance from the patient’s primary care physician and a lifestyle modification program (provided). Sites receive patient-specific recommendations and feedback to improve performance. Follow-up continues, but the 30-day data are final. We compared baseline to 30-day risk factor measures using paired t-tests for means and McNemar tests for percentages.
Results: The differences in risk factor measures between baseline and 30 days are shown in Table 1.
Conclusions: The SAMMPRIS protocol resulted in major improvements in controlling most risk factors within 30 days of enrollment, which may have contributed to the lower than expected 30 day stroke rate in the medical group (5.8%). However, the durability of this approach over time will be determined by additional follow-up.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.