Abstract 156: Impact Of Obesity And Metabolic Syndrome In Stroke Patients Undergoing Intravenous Thrombolysis
Background: The influence of high body mass index (BMI) in acute stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis has not been extensively studied. Previous studies have observed an “obesity paradox” among stroke patients, where better outcomes were observed among overweight and obese patients. The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of obesity and risk components of metabolic syndrome to stroke recovery in patients undergoing intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) treatment.
Methods: Patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous rtPA within three-hour from symptom onset at St. Marys Hospital, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, between April 2006 and January 2011, were included in this study. Information on vascular risk factors, stroke severity, and baseline hemodynamic and laboratory indices, were collected. Study outcomes, consisting symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and poor functional recovery (modified Rankin scale >2), were compared between obese (body mass index, BMI >30 kg/m2), overweight (BMI 25-30 kg/m2) and normal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2) patients. The association between BMI, risk components of the metabolic syndrome and dose of rtPA per kg body weight to stroke outcomes were assessed in a multivariable model.
Results: A total of 158 patients (mean age, 75 years; baseline NIHSS, 11), frequency-matched by age and baseline stroke severity, were included in this study. No differences in the frequency of SICH and poor functional recovery were observed among obese, overweight and normal weight patients, before and after adjusting for their baseline characteristics. A linear trend towards worse stroke recovery was observed in patients with a greater number of metabolic risk components (p-trend=0.043). By contrast, there were no significant associations between the number of risk components of metabolic syndrome with respect to sICH. Using stepwise regression analyses, age, baseline stroke severity and the number of risk components of the metabolic syndrome accounted for 52% variation in functional recovery following rtPA treatment.
Conclusions: Acute stroke outcomes do not differ between obese and overweight patients. The presence of metabolic risk factors contributes significantly to functional outcomes following rtPA treatment. These results suggest that decreasing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the community could reduce the societal burden of stroke-related disability.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.