Abstract 206: Pre-notification by Emergency Medical Services is Associated with More Timely Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background: The benefits of intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) in acute ischemic stroke are time-dependent. Emergency medical services (EMS) pre-notification of stroke arrivals may provide a means of reducing evaluation and treatment times. In this study we used data from the nationwide Get With The Guidelines Stroke (GWTG-Stroke) program to determine the effect of EMS pre-notification on acute ischemic stroke processes of care.
Methods: Acute ischemic stroke patients transported by EMS to 1585 GWTG-Stroke hospitals from April 2003 to March 2011 were studied. The association between EMS pre-notification and door-to-imaging (DTI) times, door-to-needle (DTN) times, onset-to-needle times (OTN), and tPA treatment rates were analyzed using multivariable GEE regression analyses.
Results: Of 371,988 EMS transported acute ischemic stroke patients, EMS pre-notification occurred in 249,197 (67.0%). Patients with pre-notification had shorter door-to-imaging times, shorter onset-to-needle times, and were more likely to be treated with tPA when eligible (Table). EMS pre-notification was independently associated with increased odds of DTI ≤25 minutes (adjusted OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.44–1.63, p<0.0001), DTN times ≤60 minutes (aOR 1.20, 95% CI 1.10–1.31, p<0.0001), OTN times (aOR 1.17, 95% CI 1.09–1.25, p<0.0001), and tPA use within 3 hours among eligible patients arriving by 2 hours (aOR 1.64, 95% CI 1.50–1.79, p<0.0001), without significant increases in complications of thrombolytic therapy.
Conclusion: EMS pre-notification is independently associated with more rapid patient imaging and increased timeliness in IV tPA administration. These results support the need for initiatives targeted at increasing EMS pre-notification rates as a mechanism from improving quality of care and outcomes in acute ischemic stroke.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.