Abstract 2268: Trends In Reasons For Non-eligibility For tPA
Background: Use of IV tPA has increased over time, as has the adherence to the NQF endorsed performance measure for receipt of IV tPA within 3 hours. Little is known about trends in the reasons for patient ineligibility for IV tPA. This study examines trends in reasons for not providing IV tPA over time and by race and gender among acute ischemic stroke patients in the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Registry (PCNASR), a quality improvement program for acute stroke implemented by state health departments.
Methods: There were 13,164 PCNASR patients enrolled from 2008- 2010 with a clinical diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke with documentation of LKW and who arrived within 2 hours of LKW. Cochran-Armitage tests were used to test for trend on accepted reasons for not providing IV tPA within 3 hours of time last known well (LKW). Chi-square tests were used to test for differences among reasons between men and women and between non-Hispanic whites and minorities. Multiple reasons for not giving tPA could be selected.
Results: Among 13,164 acute ischemic patients admitted between 2008 and 2010 with documentation of LKW and who arrived within 2 hours of LKW, 3781 (28.7%) received IV tPA, 7284 (55.3%) had documented reasons for not receiving IV tPA, and 2099 (16.0%) did not receive IV tPA. Contraindications to IV tPA, advanced age, rapid improvement and inability to determine eligibility increased over time. Mild stroke decreased over time. Conditions with warning, advanced age, limited life expectancy and family refusal were more common in women; mild stroke and rapid improvement were more common in men. Contraindications were more common in minorities; advanced age, mild stroke and rapid improvement, and family refusal were more common in non-Hispanic whites. When advanced age was selected, 46.6% of patients were over age 90 and 3.4% were under age 80. When stroke too mild was selected, 44.8% of patients had missing NIHSS scores, 42.1% of scores were 0-4, 8.8% were 5-9, and 4.3% were ≥ 10. The three most common reasons for not providing tPA were rapid improvement (40.9%), mild stroke (33.0%), and contraindications (29.2%) in 2010.
Conclusions: More than half of ischemic stroke patients arriving within 2 hours of LKW were ineligible to receive IV tPA. There was little use of advanced age for patients under age 80. Documentation of stroke too mild was not substantiated by an NIHSS score in nearly half of patients. Better documentation of NIHSS score should be provided.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.