Abstract 2303: Therapeutic Intensity and Functional Gains of Stroke Patients during Inpatient Rehabilitation.
Objectives: To study the effects of therapeutic intensity on functional gains of stroke patients in inpatient rehabilitation.
Design: A retrospective cohort study.
Setting: An inpatient rehabilitation hospital (IRH) in northern California.
Participants: Three hundred and sixty stroke patients discharged from the IRH in 2007.
Interventions: Average number of minutes of rehabilitation therapy per day, including physical therapy (PT), occupation therapy (OT), speech language therapy (SLT), and total treatment.
Main Outcome Measures: Functional gain measured by the Functional Independence Measure(FIMTM), including activities of daily living (ADL), mobility, cognition, and total FIMTM scores.
Results: The study sample had a mean age of 64.8 years (SD=13.8), and was 57.4% male, and 61.4% White. About three quarter of the patients had an ischemic stroke; 61.4% had one or more significant comorbid conditions. Median IRH length-of-stay (LOS) was 20 days. The mean total therapy time was 190.3 minutes per day (PT 114.0, OT 42.8, and SLT 33.8). The mean total functional gain was 26.0 (ADL 9.1, mobility 11.4, and cognition 6.2). A longer therapeutic duration per day was significantly associated with functional improvement (r=0.20, p<.001). However, patients who received total therapy time of less than 3 hours per day showed significantly lower total functional gain than those treated 3 hours or longer. There was no significant difference in total functional gain between patients treated 3-3.5 hours and over 3.5 hours per day. Intensity of PT, OT, and SLT in hours per day of treatment time was also significantly associated with corresponding sub-scale functional improvements. Figure 1 presents age and gender adjusted therapeutic intensity and FIMTM Gain. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that young age, hemorrhagic stroke, earlier admission to IRH, and longer IRH stay were independent predictors of functional improvement.
Conclusions: The study demonstrated a significant relationship between therapeutic intensity and functional gain during IRH stay and provides evidence of treatment intensity thresholds for optimal functional outcomes for stroke patients in inpatient rehabilitation. Key Words: Stroke, rehabilitation therapy, intensity, functional outcomes.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.