Abstract 2326: Timing of Clinical Grade Assessment and Poor Outcome in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Introduction: Timing of clinical grading has not been fully studied in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Our primary objective was to identify at which time point the clinical assessment using the World Federation of Neurological Surgeons Scale (WFNS) and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is most predictive of poor functional outcome.
Methods: Retrospective cohort study on the association of clinical grading determined at presentation, nadir and post-resuscitation, and poor outcome. Poor functional outcome was defined as Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 1-3 at 6 months. The study was approved by our Institutional Review Board.
Results: We identified 186 consecutive patients admitted to a teaching hospital between January 2002 and June 2008. Patients’ mean age was 56.9±13.7 years and 63% of the patients were women. Twenty-four percent had poor functional outcome (mortality was 17%). On univariable logistic regression analyses, GCS determined at presentation (OR=0.80; p<0.0001), nadir (OR=0.73; p<0.0001) and post-resuscitation (OR=0.53; p<0.0001), modified Fisher Scale (OR=2.21;p=0.0013), WFNS assessed at presentation (OR=1.92;p<0.0001), nadir (OR=3.51; <0.0001) and post-resuscitation (OR=3.91; <0.0001), intracerebral hematoma on initial CT (OR=4.55;p<0.0002), acute hydrocephalus (OR=2.29;p=0.0375), and cerebral infarction (OR=4.84; <0.0001) were associated with poor outcome. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, only cerebral infarction (OR=5.80; 0.0013) and WFNS grade post-resuscitation (OR=3.43;<0.0001) were associated with poor outcome. Receiving operating characteristics/area under the curve (AUC) analysis demonstrated that WFNS determined post-resuscitation had a stronger association with poor outcome (AUC=0.90) than WFNS assessed upon admission or at nadir.
Conclusions: Timing of WFNS assessment affects its prognostic value. Outcome after aSAH is best predicted by rating WFNS after neurological resuscitation.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.