Abstract 2385: Investigation Of Aromatase Gene (CYP19A1) Variations In Stroke Patients
Introduction: Estrogens have been associated with risk of stroke in both men and women. Estradiol and estrone are synthesized from testosterone via the aromatase enzyme in both men and postmenopausal women. Genetic variation affecting function of the aromatase gene (CYP19A1) has been linked to elevated estradiol levels. We tested the hypothesis that these variants, as well as a modifying gene, are associated with ischemic stroke in three cohorts: the Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention trial (VISP), Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), and Genetic Susceptibility to Early-Onset Stroke study (GEOS).
Methods: Genomic data for individuals of European descent with ischemic stroke was compared against an equal number of controls: VISP (1723 cases - 65% men), WHI (436 cases - all postmenopausal women), GEOS (557 cases - all men age <55). Genotyping was funded through the Genomics and Randomized Trials Network (GARNET) and Gene Environment Association Studies (GENEVA) consortia. All cohorts used the Illumina Omni1-Quad chip for genotyping with imputation as needed. Eight candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP19A1 on chromosome 15 and an additional regulatory SNP in a modifier locus on chromosome 8 were chosen for analysis due to coding status or previous association with estradiol levels. Analyses were adjusted for age, hormone therapy use (women), and the top three principal components. Association results were determined as odds ratios for individual SNPs (effect allele = minor), with significance level of p<0.05.
Results: GWAS results are tabulated. There were no significant differences in allele frequency for four SNPs in CYP19A1 among stroke patients and controls. The additional four SNPs were monomorphic in all three populations. The modifier gene SNP (rs1864729) was less common among young men with prior stroke in GEOS, but not men in VISP or in women.
Conclusions: Aromatase genetic variation was not associated with risk of stroke in these three cohorts. One SNP that modifies aromatase function was less common among young, but not older men with stroke. Replication in other studies is necessary.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.