Abstract 2478: Hip Hop Stroke: The Standalone Effect of Musical Cartoons on Stroke Knowledge of Fourth Grade Children Living in a Low-Income Neighborhood
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of two novel three and half minute-long musical cartoons on stroke knowledge of fourth grade children.
Methods: We recruited 72 fourth grade children from a single elementary school in Harlem to view musical cartoons designed to increase stroke literacy (knowledge of stroke symptoms, appropriate action, and prevention measures). Baseline testing to evaluate knowledge of stroke symptoms and response was performed immediately prior to viewing the cartoons. Each cartoon was viewed a total of three times over two consecutive days. No additional stroke education was provided. Posttests were conducted immediately following completion of viewing. A composite score was created from five stroke symptoms, which included blurry vision/loss of vision, sudden headache, unilateral facial weakness, clumsiness/incoordination, slurred/confused speech, and a distracter (chest pain). Knowledge of stroke localization (where a stroke occurs in the body) and appropriate action when presented with hypothetical stroke scenarios (calling 911) were also evaluated. Data was analyzed using SAS 9.2.
Results: A total of 64 students completed both pretests (PT) and immediate posttests (IP) [89% retention rate]. At PT, 12.5% were able to identify stroke localization, and 47.2% were able to identify calling 911 for suspected stroke. The stroke symptom composite score at baseline was 2.62. Immediately following viewing, children’s stroke knowledge increased significantly with regards to stroke localization (71.9%, P<.05) and calling 911 (87.5%, p<.05). Knowledge of stroke symptoms also improved significantly across three out of five items (with the exception of blurry vision and sudden headache), and the composite score was 4.2 (p<.05).
Conclusions: Viewing two novel three and half minute musical cartoons, three times, significantly improved knowledge of stroke symptoms and response among fourth grade public school children, living in a high stroke risk neighborhood.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.