Abstract 2627: Outcomes After Endovascular Treatment For Anterior Circulation Stroke Presenting Beyond 8 Hours Of Time Last Seen Well Do Not Differ In Wake-up Strokes Vs. Witnessed Onset Beyond 8 Hours
Objective: Patients with wake-up stroke are thought to have different outcomes compared to patients with known late time of onset. We thought to verify this hypothesis by determining clinical outcomes, mortality and rate of parenchymal hematoma (PH) in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion stroke (ACLVOS) treated with endovascular therapy at our center.
Methods: Retrospective review of a prospectively acquired database from consecutive patients meeting the following criteria: (1) ACLVOS, (2) endovascular treatment initiated beyond 8hrs from time last seen well (TLSW). Treatment selection was based on the presence of a small infarct core/large penumbra assessed through visual inspection on MRI or CTP by the treating physician. In patients undergoing MRI (n=55) pre-procedure infarct volumes on DWI were measured through automated volumetric analysis.
Results: We identified 130 patients (mean age 64; mean baseline NIHSS 14, male gender 55%). Patients were divided into three groups. Group 1: patients with wake-up stroke (39%, n=51). Group 2: patients with witnessed onset beyond 8hrs from TLSW (55%, n=72). Group 3: patients without witnessed onset but TLSW>8hrs (5%, n=7). Occlusion locations were as follows: M1-55%, M2-12%, ICA terminus-32% and ICA origin (tandem occlusion)-28%. Successful recanalization (TIMI 2/3) was achieved in 109 patients (84%). The rate of 90 day favorable outcome (modified Rankin score (mRS) ≤ 2) was 55% (n=68/124). PH occurred in 15/130 (12%) patients and the 3 month mortality rate was 18% (n= 22/124). Favorable outcome rates amongst Group 1 (50%, n=24/48), Group 2 (59.5%, n=41/69) and Group 3 (42.9%, n=3/7) were not significantly different (p=0.49, by ANOVA). Mean pre-procedure DWI lesion volume was 18.7 cc in Group 1 vs. 18.3 cc in group 2 (p=0.9). No difference was noted between Group 1, Group 2 and Group3 regarding PH (13.7%, 8.3%, 13.3% respectively, p nonsignificant) or mortality at 3 months (18.7%, 17.4%, 14.3% respectively, p nonsignificant). Multivariate logistic regression model identified only successful recanalization (OR 2.9, p 0.001, CI 1.59-5.44) and age (OR 0.96, p 0.03, CI 0.93-0.99) as predictors of favorable outcome.
Conclusion: In patients with ACLVOS presenting beyond 8 hours from TLSW who are selected based on similar imaging characteristics, clinical outcomes following endovascular treatment do not seem to differ according to mode of presentation relative to TLSW.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.