Abstract 2808: The Prognosis of Intravenous Thrombolysis with Alteplase Relate to Site of Cerebral Artery Occlusion
Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine whether the arterial obstruction site is predictive of clinical outcomes in patients receiving intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA).
Methods: In a retrospective analysis of our stroke database between Nov. 2005 and May. 2011, we identified 91 consecutive patients who were treated with IV tPA within 3 hours after symptom onset of a stroke in the distribution of a documented ICA, proximal M1, distal M1, or M2/M3 occlusion by Magnetic resonance angiography. We analyzed the rate of favorable outcomes at 3 months (modified Rankin Scale 0 or 1) at various occlusion sites, and determined predictors of favorable outcomes.
Results: 91 consecutive patients were treated (mean age, 71 +/- 11 yr; 40.9% were women). Median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS) was 10 (range, 4 to 32) and mean time form onset to IV tPA was 128+/- 33 minutes. Favorable outcomes were achieved in 55.6% and significantly correlated with age, basal NIHSS and MRI ASPECT score. Based on the occlusion site, M2/M3 occlusion had an OR of 6.4 for favorable outcomes (83.7%, 95% CI: 2.2 to 19.2, P 0.0006), whereas the odds for proximal M1 occlusion was 0.163 (25.9%, 95% CI: 0.059 to 0.447, P 0.0004), ICA occlusion was 0.378 (23.0%, 95% CI: 0.138 to 1.036, P 0.01). After adjusting for age, sex, baseline NIHSS, and MRI ASPECT score, M2/M3 occlusion occlusion were an independent predictor to achieve favorable outcomes (OR: 9.203, 95% CI: 1.896 to 45.443, P 0.006).
Conclusions: Clinical outcome in IV tPA depends on the site of occlusion. This is important to make reasonable decisions for identifying which patients benefit in IV tPA and combined IV tPA/ interventional approach.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.