Abstract 2835: Hyperdense MCA as a Predictor of Stroke Severity: Does Size Matter?
Background and Objective Hyperdense MCA (HDMCA) sign is an early sign seen on CT head after acute ischemic stroke indicating acute arterial thrombosis. It has been reported as a predictor of stroke morbidity and mortality. The relationship of size of hyperdense middle cerebral artery (MCA) sign with stroke volume and functional outcome has not been sufficiently studied.
Methods We did a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from 206 cases of acute ischemic stroke eligible for IV rt-PA by time criteria, admitted to Mayo Clinic from March, 2002 through June, 2011. Admission CT Head was studied to identify HDMCA sign which was further subcategorized according to size. CT head at 24 hours after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator was used to calculate Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) to measure ischemic damage area. Functional outcome was assessed using the modified Rankin score at 3 months and dichotomized into less than equal to 2 (good outcome) and more than 2 (bad outcome). Univariate analysis including t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher Exact test was used when appropriate.
Results Mean admission NIHSS score was 11±7. HDMCA sign was seen in 99 (48%) patients: 100% MCA occlusion (7) 76-100% M1 (17), 50-75% M1 (17), less than 50% M1 (6), MCA dot sign (23), sylvian dot sign (21) and sylvian MCA sign, defined as any sylvian MCA occlusion bigger than a dot (8). Univariate analysis showed statistically significant associations between our HDMCA classification and ASPECTS at 24 hours (p<0.001) and modified Rankin score at 3 months (p<0.001). Smaller infarctions (ASPECTS >8) were observed more often with lower MCA clot burden; MCA dot (48%), less than 50% MCA (80%), sylvian dot (57%) and sylvian MCA (38%), 50-75% M1 (6%), 75-100% M1 (0%) and 100% MCA (0%). Good outcome (mRS≤2 at 3 months) was seen more often with lower MCA clot burden; MCA dot (52%), less than 50% MCA (67%), sylvian dot (67%) and sylvian MCA (63%). Conversely, larger HDMCA size was associated with poor outcome (mRS>2); 50-75% M1 (100%), 75-100% (88%) and 100% MCA (100%).
Conclusion The size of the HDMCA sign size is an important predictor of ischemic stroke mortality and morbidity. HDMCA should be measured upon admission as it may help refine prognostication and identify patients who could benefit from endovascular rescue therapy after intravenous thrombolysis.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.