Abstract 2925: DWI-ASPECTS As A Predictor Of Neurological Recovery In Acute Stroke Patients With The Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Treated With IV t-PA.
Background and Purpose: Diffusion-weighted imaging-Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score (DWI-ASPECTS) has been associated with short-term and long-term neurological recovery and outcome in acute stroke patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA). However, previous reports did not analyze the DW-ASPECTS based on the presence of major arterial occlusion. We investigated whether initial DWI-ASPECTS can predict the short-term neurological recovery in acute stroke patients with the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) treated with IV t-PA.
Methods: Consecutive acute stroke patients with MCAO treated with IV t-PA within 3 hours of onset were enrolled from 2005 October to 2011 May. All patients were examined using DWI and magnetic resonance angiography on admission. Only patients with horizontal MCAO were included. Neurological deficits were assessed using National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission and day 7. On day 7, dramatic recovery (DR) was defined as a ≥10 point reduction or a total NIHSS score of 0 or 1. Good recovery (GR) was a ≥4 point reduction, excluding DR. Worsening was a ≥4 point increase.
Results:Seventy-one patients (median age [quartiles]; 77 [70-83], male; 44 [62%]) were enrolled into the study. The median NIHSS score was 18 (12-22). The median DWI-ASPECTS was 4 (6-9). Median DWI-ASPECTS was 7 (6-9) in 27 patients with DR group, 5 (4-9) in 13 with GR group, and 3 (2-6) in 17 with worsening (p<0.001). Median DWI-ASPECTS was 4 (3-6) in 4 (6%) patients with type2-parencymal hematoma within 7 days. Using ROC curve, the optimal cut-off DWI-ASPECTS to differentiate DR group from others was >5 (sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 57%, area under curve [AUC] 0.692, p=0.007), and that for worsening group was <4 (sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 59%, AUC 0.785, p<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that initial DWI-ASPECTS of >5 was significantly associated with DR (OR 9.75, 95%CI 1.41-67.67, p=0.021), and <4 with worsening (OR 15.94, 95%CI 4.01-63.25, p<0.001).
Conclusion: DWI-ASPECTS can predict the short-term outcome in acute stroke patients with MCAO treated with IV-tPA.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.