Abstract 2956: Carotid Revascularization in Elderly Asymptomatic Patients: Are the Results Optimal?
Objectives: Assess the hypothesis that patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis older than 75 years are not on “best medical therapy” and their operative complication exceeds the AHA/ASA 3% threshold.
Background: According to the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (ACAS), the Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST) and recent AHA/ASA guidelines; benefits of carotid revascularization in asymptomatic patient >75 years would be offset if the operative complications rate exceed 3% and it would be more prudent to manage such patients on “best medical therapy”. How often these guidelines are being followed remains unclear.
Methods: A retrospective chart review (2009-2011) at three urban, one suburban hospital within 30 miles was performed. Information of carotid revascularization (CEA & CAS) in asymptomatic elderly patients, in-hospital outcomes of stroke/death and/or MI and pre-procedural medications were evaluated. Statistical analysis with chi square testing was used.
Results: A total of 114 patients met our inclusion criteria. Their features are described below.At four hospitals, the proportion of carotid revascularization done was 62% (114/185). More then quarter and one-third of patients undergoing carotid revascularization were not on statin and beta-blockers, respectively. Further, the rate of in hospital stroke was 4.4%.
Conclusions: The majority of elderly patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis patients are still undergoing carotid revascularization with operative complications that exceeded the AHA/ASA 3% threshold. More then quarter of patients in this subgroup are not on “best medical therapy”. These results reinforce the need for a new clinical trial comparing aggressive medical therapy alone vs. aggressive medical therapy and revascularization.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.