Abstract 2972: Perfusion CT in Patients with Basilar Artery Occlusion: Diagnostic and Prognostic Value in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study
Background: The posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS) applied to CT angiography source images (CTA-SI) predicts the functional outcome of patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO). Compared with CTA-SI, perfusion CT (CTP) may provide added information. We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic impact of CTP compared with CTA-SI among patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS)
Methods: BASICS was a prospective observational registry of consecutive patients with acute symptomatic BAO. We applied pc-ASPECTS to CTA-SI and cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), time-to-peak (TTP) and mean-transit-time (MTT) parameter maps in a 3-reader-consensus with readers blinded to clinical data. Hypoattenuation on CTA-SI, a relative reduction in CBV or CBF, or relative increase in MTT or TTP was rated as abnormal. Clinical outcome was measured with the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 1 month.
Results: Among 592 patients in the BASICS registry, 27 patients (4.6%) had CTP studies performed. Median (interquartile-range) pc-ASPECTS values on TTP/MTT, CTA-SI, CBF and CBV were 6 (5-8), 7 (5-9), 8 (6-9) and 10 (8.75-10), respectively (p<0.001). The proportion of patients with any perfusion abnormalities in the posterior circulation was highest for TTP/MTT (93%; CI95% 74% to 99%), compared with 78% (CI95% 57% to 91%) for both CTA-SI and CBF and 46% (CI95% 27% to 66%) for CBV (p<0.001). At 1 month, 9 patients (33%) had a favourable outcome (mRS scores 0-3), 8 patients (30%) had an unfavourable outcome (mRS scores 4-5) and 10 patients (37%) were deceased. In univariate analysis, pc-ASPECTS scores did not correlate with outcome mRS scores for all imaging modalities (Spearman’s Rho, p>0.1 for all). All three patients (100%) with a CBV pc-ASPECTS <8 compared to 6 of 23 patients (26%) with a CBV pc-ASPECTS >8 died (p=0.03).
Conclusion: CTP was performed in a minority of patients in the BASICS registry population. Perfusion disturbances in the posterior circulation were most frequent and most pronounced on TTP and MTT parameter maps. Extensive reduction of CBV, defined as a pc-ASPECTS <8, may indicate patients with a high case fatality.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.