Abstract 3183: Prognosis of Mild Ischemic Stroke with Large Vessel Occlusion
Background and purpose Large vessel occlusion (LVO) in acute ischemic stroke has been reported to be an independent predictor of unfavorable clinical outcome. However, the prognosis and optimal treatment of patients with only mild neurologic deficits due to LVO are not known.
Methods We performed a retrospective chart review from a database of stroke patients admitted to our large academic medical center between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011. Inclusion criteria were acute stroke or TIA, presentation within 9 hours from symptom onset, large vessel occlusion as a culprit of ischemic symptoms, and mild stroke severity with initial NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score <8.
Results We identified 59 patients with mild ischemic stroke or TIA, who were evaluated within 9 hours from onset. Of these, 13 (22%) had culprit large vessel occlusions. Five were female, 1 had diabetes, 12 had hypertension, 7 had hyperlipidemia, 2 had atrial fibrillation and 7 were smokers. The median NIHSS score was 5. The location of arterial occlusions were 5 in M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), 6 in M2 segment of MCA, 1 each in posterior cerebral and vertebral arteries. Two patients received acute therapy, 1 with intravenous thrombolysis and 1 with endovascular therapy. Reasons for withholding thrombolytic therapy were time window in 8, mild stroke severity in 2, and atypical presentations in 2. Reasons for withholding acute endovascular therapy were mild stroke severity in 7, imaging finding in 2, technical considerations in 2, and lack of consent in 1. From hospital admission to discharge, 10 (77%) patients had symptom improvement, 2 had worsening, and one was unchanged. At 30 days, 5 (38%) had good outcome with a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) of 0-1. Three (23%) had mRS of 2, one (8%) patient had mRS of 3. Outcomes for 4 patients were unknown.
Conclusions A significant proportion of patients presenting with mild ischemic symptoms has large vessel occlusion. Acute treatment in this population is frequently withheld due to mild severity or thrombolytic time window. Despite mild symptoms at presentation, some patients are left with moderate disability. Optimal treatment options for this population should be further evaluated in a larger group of patients.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.